- Aerobic--cardiovascular exercises which primarily elevate heart rate
- Anaerobic--resistance training exercises which stimulate muscle tissue
Each of the two categories of exercise can improve body composition in different ways. Aerobic exercise (i.e., running, stair stepping, elliptical, biking, etc.) primarily causes fat loss whereas anaerobic exercise (i.e., free weights, weight machines, bodyweight exercises, etc.) causes muscle mass gain. Both types of exercise should therefore be performed since both are beneficial in improving body composition--cardio for burning body fat and weight training for adding muscle. When performing cardio during the same session as weight training, consider the following:
- If your fitness goal is primarily to lose body fat, perform cardio before weight training.
- If your fitness goal is primarily to gain muscle mass, perform cardio after weight training.
To read the full article visit InBody.com