Minerals are inorganic (do not contain carbon, hydrogen and oxygen) compounds found in plants and animals and are needed in relatively small amounts for the regulation, growth and maintenance of body tissues and functions. A deficiency in any mineral can compromise peak performance. Fatigue, weakness and general malaise are some symptoms due to mineral deficiency. Muscular contraction, nerve impulse transmission, protein synthesis, and hemoglobin formation are just some of the functions of minerals.
Antioxidants are certain nutrients, substances and vitamins and minerals that protect against free-radicals (unstable molecules lacking an electron) released during intense exercise. The vitamins A, C, E, and the minerals selenium and zinc are some of the well-known antioxidants. These compounds serve to lessen the amount of oxygen molecule destruction in our bodies, thus preventing free-radical formation. Antioxidants can make a difference in a person's ability to recover from an intense exercise session sooner. In addition, antioxidants protect one from the damaging effects of radiation, ozone exposure, carcinogens, and other environmental toxins (e.g., pesticides, herbicides).
Brian Danley, CFT
"Motivation is what gets you started. Habit is what keeps you going."