Vitamins are organic (contain carbon, hydrogen and oxygen) food substances found in plants and animals. The human body does not manufacture most of the vitamins it requires and must therefore obtain them from foods. Those people who exercise regularly need more vitamins than sedentary people and therefore supplementation is usually recommended (e.g., daily multi-vitamin). Vitamins are essential to enhance physical performance. Some vitamins help to maintain healthy skin, hair, vision, energy metabolism, and cellular repair.
Minerals are inorganic (do not contain carbon, hydrogen and oxygen) compounds found in plants and animals and are needed in relatively small amounts for the regulation, growth and maintenance of body tissues and functions. A deficiency in any mineral can compromise peak performance. Fatigue, weakness and general malaise are some symptoms due to mineral deficiency. Muscular contraction, nerve impulse transmission, protein synthesis, and hemoglobin formation are just some of the functions of minerals.
Antioxidants are certain nutrients, substances and vitamins and minerals that protect against free-radicals (unstable molecules lacking an electron) released during intense exercise. The vitamins A, C, E, and the minerals selenium and zinc are some of the well-known antioxidants. These compounds serve to lessen the amount of oxygen molecule destruction in our bodies, thus preventing free-radical formation. Antioxidants can make a difference in a person's ability to recover from an intense exercise session sooner. In addition, antioxidants protect one from the damaging effects of radiation, ozone exposure, carcinogens, and other environmental toxins (e.g., pesticides, herbicides).
Brian Danley, CFT
"Motivation is what gets you started. Habit is what keeps you going."
Brian Danley, CFT "Motivation is what gets you started. Habit is what keeps you going." 408-688-1586 (cell) briandanleyfitness.com https://www.linkedin.com/in/briandanleyfitness https://www.facebook.com/BrianDanleyFitness
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I'm a personal trainer who loves to help others fulfill their health and fitness goals. I consider myself a bodybuilder in that I live the lifestyle of eating healthy food, working out regularly, and sculpting my body.